Cannabis is a generic term for those drugs which are known as marijuana, hashish, kif, bhang and ganja.
The active ingredient called THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). THC has been used in medicine for thousands of years, and prevents nausea, vomiting and pain, but its use is severely limited due to the potential for abuse.
Cannabis is not on the doping list because of performance enhancing effect, but because of adverse health effects, and because cannabis is considered to damage the sport’s reputation.
Cannabis, like most other drugs, performance-limiting and leads to impaired responsiveness, coordination and cognitive capacity. Cannabis can be traced in a drug trial for up to several weeks after the drug was taken – depending on the amount smoked.
- reduced performance
- fatigue, lethargy, drowsiness
- difficulty concentrating
- high pulse, red eyes and fall in blood pressure
- decreased memory and learning ability
- psychoses (“cannabis psychosis”)
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